Self-esteem is a widely examined concept in the area of psychiatric disorders, less attention was given to the physical self-concept, till now. The purpose of this study was to evaluate self-esteem and the physical self-concept in adolescents with psychiatric disorders. The scores the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ) of adolescents on an urgent psychiatric unit (N = 208) were compared with the results of a matched group of non-clinical adolescents (N = 208) by means of MANOVA’s. The Physical Self-Description Questionnaire is a reliable instrument as well in the clinical as in the non-clinical group. Self-esteem and Physical self-concept were lower in the clinical than in the non-clinical group. Girls (N = 107) in general scored lower than boys (N = 101) in both groups. The physical self-concept and the underlying specific motor competences seem to be excellent aspects to distinguish between different diagnostic categories. But they also suggest that physical activity could be of importance for mental health.
This study examined the relationship between actual and perceived motor competence in adolescents with psychiatric disorders. The participants were 37 (18 male, 19 female) Flemish adolescents, M age=13 years and 10 months (SD=9 months) remaining in a child and adolescent psychiatric hospital. The actual motor competence was measured by the Body Coordination test for Children and the perceived motor competence was measured by means of the Physical Self-description No significant differences were found in actual motor competence between boys and girls, whereas significant differences were found in perceived motor competence, in favor of boys. A Kendall correlation indicated no significant relationship between actual and perceived motor competence either in boys or in girls with psychiatric disorders.