First Issue

Motor Skills Performance and Pedometer-Determined Physical Activity in Young Children.

Logkizidou Kyriaki, Karagianopoulou Sofia, Andresaki Flora, Skourti Karolina, Pavlidou Soultana, Fatouros Ioannis, Pylianidis Theofilos.

Abstract

This study examined the association between motor skills and pedometer-determined physical activity in a sample of preschool children. One hundred and seventeen children (61 boys, 56 girls) 5-6 years old (M=67.18 months, SD=3.802) who live in Agrinio, Aitoloakarnania Greece, volunteered to participate in the current study. A trained researcher administered the measurements for the assessment of children's motor skills by using the Short Form of the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOTMP-SF). Physical activity was assessed by OMRON HJ-720IT pedometers. Based on performance in BOTMP-SF, participants were categorized into three groups, namely, "below average", "average", and "above average". The results showed a statistically significant association between motor skills performance and steps.day-1 (Kruskal-Wallis x2=34.23, p<.001). Comparisons between motor skills categories showed significant differences in steps.day-1 between the "below average" and "average" groups (Mann-Whitney U=50, p<.001) and between "below average" and "above average" groups (Mann-Whitney U=7, p<.001). Results showed that increased levels of children's physical activity encourage and positively affect motor development.

Keywords:

OMRON HJ-720IT, preschoolers, steps, BOT-2, motor proficiency, Greece.

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